Create ASP.NET virtual directories in IIS Express using windows credentials to another server (website project)
I had this problem to solve and thought I’d document my solution here, as I didn’t find anything appropriate documented when I tried searching the search engines.
Website Project vs Website Application Project
There are two broad ways ASP.NET websites can be setup as applications.
- Web site projects
- Web site application projects
The quickest way to tell the difference is that an application project uses a visual studio project file to define the files that are in the project, whereas for a web site project, any file under the folder is classed as part of the project.
For more information look at: Web Application Projects versus Web Site Projects in Visual Studio (msdn)
Web site projects are opened by going to File->Open Website, rather than File->Open Project, obviously there are many ways to open projects.
I labour this point as on the forums it is almost the norm for questions about website projects get people answering as if it were a website application project, understandable as that is the form of project most developers will experience.
Finally I decided to tackle the problem of being required to have local administrator rights to develop with IIS hosted sites. Running with local admin rights in this day and age is becoming more and more risky and something that is getting less and less necessary so long as you have an alternative elevated user to use when the need arises to perform operations that require it (like installing software).
These days developing sites against IIS Express is the norm, back in the day we outgrew Cassini, a small developer webserver that used to host sites, as we had url rewriting, host headers, custom url rewrite modules, virtual folders mapped with custom credentials etc. It turns out that now in 2017 all this is possible using IIS Express. How do you move the site though?
These are the steps I performed that worked for me:
Remove the IIS website
In IIS manager I removed the website, so IIS is no longer managing that folder.
Edit the solution file
I edited the solution file to remove the website project definition node from it.
Add the website back in
I then opened the solution and used the add existing website option to add the website folder from source control back into the solution.
Define virtual directories
I then edited the applicationhost.config file that resides in the solution .vs folder, defining the virtual directories that were previously defined in IIS. I did this under the <virtualDirectory path= section for the site.
Added https binding
I added a binding to the
The custom URL rewriter and rewrite rules seemed to come over by themselves so no action was needed.
Custom Host name
I followed the instructions on USING A CUSTOM HOSTNAME WITH IIS EXPRESS AND VISUAL STUDIO 2015 (VS2015)
to get the custom hostname so the site responds to custom host headers correctly.
I was then amazed to see the site come up first time on rebuilding it and launching it.